Diabetes is a disease that can be treated and cured. The good news is that you can still have a good quality of life even with prediabetes. In fact, the treatment for diabetes is quite similar to that for any other condition. However, in some cases, your doctor may recommend additional medications, such as insulin. Fortunately, there are many medications available for prediabetes, so you can take them if they are present.
Diagnosis of prediabetes
Diabetes is a serious condition, and prediabetes has no obvious symptoms. Diagnosis is almost always done accidentally during routine bloodwork or medical screenings. If you are overweight, you should have routine bloodwork, as this may reveal prediabetes. If you are not overweight, you may have symptoms such as increased thirst or more frequent urination. You may also notice that you lose weight more easily than normal.
A blood test that can detect prediabetes is the hemoglobin A1C test. It measures the average blood sugar level over two to three months. Unlike the other blood tests, you don't have to fast or eat recently to get the results. The normal range is five to six percent; when your A1C is higher than this, it means you have prediabetes. The good news is that treatment for prediabetes involves simple lifestyle changes. These changes can reverse the disease or even prevent it from progressing to type 2 diabetes.
Some people are more susceptible to prediabetes than others. People who smoke have a 30-40% greater chance of developing Type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. In the US, more than 50% of adults are prediabetic. The risk increases if you are overweight, or if you have a history of diabetes or high blood pressure. Diets high in sugar and simple carbohydrates are also high-risk factors. Less than three hours of physical activity a week can also increase your risk.
When diagnosing prediabetes, a doctor will perform two tests to confirm a diagnosis. A fasting blood glucose test measures the blood sugar level at eight hours. A normal result is below 100 mg/dL, and over 125 mg/dL indicates prediabetes. A second test called the oral glucose tolerance test checks blood sugar two hours after a sugary meal. A high result is indicative of diabetes, and if your blood sugar levels are higher than this, then you need to see a doctor.
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, you should make changes to your lifestyle to improve your overall health. Eat a balanced diet and avoid concentrated sweets. If you have trouble sleeping at night, seek help for sleep apnea or other problems. Your doctor can help you reverse the progression of prediabetes by changing your diet and getting regular exercise. You can also consider taking medication prescribed by a doctor to control your blood sugar levels.
People with prediabetes are at high risk for cardiovascular disease, and frequent checkups are necessary to prevent complications from developing. Fortunately, medications for prediabetes can reverse its development. While prediabetes is a lifelong condition, there are ways to reverse it with careful management and close follow-up. By learning more about your body and how to improve your blood sugar level, you will have a better chance of successfully managing your condition.
Symptoms of prediabetes
Pre-diabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are elevated but below the level needed to develop type 2 diabetes. It affects millions of older people in the United States, and the majority of them have no symptoms of the condition. However, this condition has a large impact on a person's health. It significantly increases their risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, so it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of pre-diabetes and take action if you're concerned.
People with prediabetes don't properly process sugar. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood when you eat, but when blood sugar drops, insulin secretion slows down. The most common cause of prediabetes is obesity. Insulin resistance is a result of excess fatty tissue in the body, particularly in the abdominal area. The risk increases with size and weight for both men and women.
If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to have your blood checked. Fasting blood sugar levels are an indicator of diabetes. If they are below 100 mg/dL, you may be in the normal range. However, if they are between 100 and 125 mg/dL, it is possible that you have prediabetes. If your levels are higher than 200 mg/dl, it may be time for a blood sugar test.
If you are a borderline diabetic, you may not be aware of your condition. This condition is often undiagnosed, so you may not even know you have it until it has advanced to the point where it's difficult to control your blood sugar levels. If you don't do something about your blood sugar levels, it can lead to a serious illness. People with prediabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes if they don't get diagnosed.
There are several blood tests that can help diagnose prediabetes. However, these tests do not test for insulin resistance. The most accurate test is an A1C test. In addition, fasting blood glucose tests and the A1C test are the two most commonly used tests by doctors. Another test, known as the random blood glucose test, uses a blood sample collected at random intervals over the course of a day. If the random blood sugar level is 200 mg/dL or higher, it's likely you have diabetes.
Another sign of prediabetes is dark patches of skin on the creases of the body. These patches are called acanthosis nigricans and may feel velvety. In addition to skin changes, prediabetes can cause early changes to the eyes. This can lead to retinopathy, a condition more common in people with diabetes. So, if you're experiencing symptoms of diabetes, talk to your primary care provider.
Medications used to treat prediabetes
While the ADA cited the increasing use of these drugs in treating prediabetes, it failed to mention the role these medications play in a broader patient base. The ADA issued a report last year warning that spending on prediabetes had reached “alarming” levels in 2012, accounting for 1.6% of all health care costs and more than seven times the amount spent in 2007.
Pre-diabetes is a common symptom of type 2 diabetes. If it is not treated early, it may lead to the onset of type 2 diabetes. Treatment options include insulin, a diet change, and exercise programs. Preventive measures, including lifestyle changes and weight loss, may also help prevent or delay diabetes in some cases. However, it is always a good idea to visit your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Metformin is one of the medications available to treat prediabetes. This medication lowers glucose levels in the blood and helps cells respond to insulin. It is used for treating the signs and symptoms of prediabetes in both children and adults. It is a powerful medication and can delay the development of type 2 diabetes in some cases. If metformin is not enough, your healthcare provider can prescribe a medication called insulin-like polypeptide-C (Inulin) that can reduce the level of glucose in the bloodstream.
Some people with prediabetes have no symptoms, and the only way to know if they have a better blood glucose level is by having their HbA1C test every three to six months. If the level is above normal, your physician will prescribe a medication that can control the symptoms of prediabetes. The goal is to treat prediabetes as soon as possible.
As the condition worsens, people with prediabetes will need to undergo blood glucose monitoring regularly. They may go in and out of prediabetes throughout their lives. It doesn't mean that they should stop exercising and eating healthy, though. Prediabetes is the body's cry for help. It should be used as motivation to change lifestyle habits to become healthier. It is important to take care of prediabetes as soon as possible, as the condition can lead to Type 2 diabetes.
Several different diabetes medicines are available. Some of these include insulin, metformin, and glipizide. Some of them can cause dangerously low blood sugar levels and should only be used if absolutely necessary. These medications should only be used when they are approved by the FDA. They can cause urinary tract infections, however. Moreover, some of them may interact with alcohol. When used with another type of diabetes medicine, sulfonylureas can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
Another option is metformin, a common blood-glucose-lowering drug that is used as early therapy for type 2 diabetes. This medication reduces glucose production in the liver and improves the response of the body to insulin. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, so it is an excellent choice for early treatment of the condition. This medication works by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme known as alpha-glucosidase.